2nd EFI seminar talk by Prof. Jochen Guck, Director of the MPL, Erlangen
The second speaker in our EFI seminar was Prof. Jochen Guck, Director and Scientific Member of the Max Planck Institute for Physics of Light, Erlangen. He gave an inspiring talk on “Soft Matters — Mechanosensing of neural cells in the CNS”, which ignited promising discussions on future collaborative efforts with the EFI team.
It is now commonly accepted that cells sense and respond to mechanical signals. We are especially interested in the influence of mechanical signaling during CNS development and pathologies. We have shown that neurons, astrocytes, microglia and oligodendrocyte precursors are all mechanosensitive in vitro. In vivo, such signals arise from the mechanical properties of the surrounding tissue and its constituents. It is thus of fundamental importance to be able to quantitatively map out, and understand the origin of, the mechanical properties of CNS tissues. Towards this end, we have been employing atomic force microscopy-enabled nano-indentation to show that grey matter is stiffer than white matter in the rat cerebellum, that myelination influences mouse brain mechanics and that zebrafish spinal cord transiently stiffens during regeneration. Recently, we have also used Brillouin microscopy to quantify mechanical changes inside living animals. I will discuss our findings and their implications for treating previously incurable neuropathologies such as spinal cord injuries and neurodegenerative disorders.